But Republicans argued that the proposals had no place in the reconciliation bill.
“After decades of failing to implement their amnesty program, Democrats have attempted this latest unprecedented gamble,” said Sen. Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the top Republican. “It was inappropriate, and I’m glad it failed.”
Many immigration activists refused to accept defeat.
“This is an important moment for our country,” said Kerri Talbot, deputy director of the Immigration Center. “We’ve been trying to work with the Republicans for many years, but they haven’t made it to the table, so we see this as an opportunity to move forward and resolve some of the issues that lie ahead. to be resolved for decades. . “
Activists urged supporters to join a march on Tuesday, led by CASA and the Service Employees International Union, with stops outside of Washington, DC, the headquarters of Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the Capitol, to call for a path to citizenship for millions of undocumented migrants.
The parliamentarian is a little-known but crucial figure in the life of the Senate, which is largely governed by precedents and obscure rules subject to interpretation. The post becomes particularly important when it comes to reconciliation, which is supposed to be limited to those provisions that have a direct impact on federal spending or revenue.
A career non-partisan public servant who has worked in the MP’s office since 1999, Ms MacDonough has heard extensive arguments from both sides in closed-door meetings over the immigration proposal.
Ms MacDonough’s decisions are advisory only, but several Democratic senators have indicated they would be reluctant to overturn her, and it is not clear that a majority would support doing so to get the immigration plan passed. She did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Mr Menendez rejected calls for his ouster, saying they were “not constructive”.
The budgetary cost of changes to the immigration law – which affect health care benefits, Medicaid spending and tax credits – exceeds $ 139 billion over 10 years, according to preliminary figures from the Congressional Budget Office. Democrats estimate the legalization campaign would add $ 1.5 trillion to the US economy over the next decade, creating more than 400,000 jobs.